ORIGIN : France
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
UTILIZATION : Sheepdog and guard dog.
Group 1 Sheepdogs and
Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs).
Section 1 Sheepdogs.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Known for a long time
as Chiens de Berger français de Plaine (French Lowlands Sheepdog).
It was in 1809, in the Abbot Rozier’s “Complete Agricultural
Course””, that the name “chien de Brie” appeared for the first
time. It was bred and selected for its herd-driving and guarding
aptitudes. The French army also used it during the two world
wars as, among other activities, sentinel and ambulance dog
searching for the wounded in the war fields.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : The Briard is hardy,
supple, muscled and well proportioned; lively and alert.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The Briard is of medium
build. The length of the body, from the point of shoulder to the
point of buttock, should be slightly greater that the height at
withers. The head is long: 2/5th of the height at withers. The
width of the skull is slightly less than ½ of the length of the
head. The skull and the muzzle are of equal length.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT : Balanced temperament,
neither aggressive nor timid. The Briard should be steady and
HEAD : Strong, long, covered with hair forming
beard, moustache and eyebrows slightly veiling the eyes. Seen
from the side, the lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel.
Skull : Strong,
very slightly rounded seen from the side.
Pronounced; at equal distance from the occiput and the tip of
Nose : Strong.
The nostrils are well open. The nose is always black except in
blue dogs which have either a blue or bluish nose. strong,
sufficiently broad and never pointed.
Lips : Lips
are tight fitting Jaws/Teeth : Strong jaws; white teeth.
Eyes : Oval.
Horizontal, well open, rather large and of dark colour. In blue
dogs, paler coloured eyes are permitted.
Ears : Set on
high, not plastered against the head and rather short if left
natural. The length of the cartilage of the uncropped ear should
be equal to or slightly less than half the length of the head.
The ears are always flat and covered with long hair. If cropped,
in countries where this practice is not forbidden, they should
be carried erect, neither divergent nor convergent.
NECK : Muscled and springing well up from the
Topline : The
back is straight. The loin is short and firm.
Croup : Only
slightly sloping, of slightly rounded shape.
and long, well let down to the elbows: ribs well sprung.
TAIL : Natural, carried low, it reaches at
least the hock joint, without deviation, forming a slight hook
like a “J”. In action, the tail may be carried at the highest in
prolongation of the topline.
LIMBS : Well muscled with strong bone and upright.
Oblique, well angulated, moderately long, fitting closely to the
thoracic wall. Elbows : In line with the body.
Straight and muscled.
Pastern) : Slightly sloping, seen from the side.
Feet : Strong,
round and well in axis with the body. The nails are always black
(except in blues) and the pads hard. Toes should be well knit
Upper thighs :
Hock joints :
Not too low down and well angulated.
pasterns): Perfectly vertical, seen from behind.
round. The nails are always black (except in blues) and the pads
hard. Toes should be well knit.
Dewclaws : By
tradition, the shepherds want to keep the double dewclaws. The
dewclaws form thumbs, well separated and with nails, relatively
close to the foot.
GAIT/MOVEMENT : Regular, supple, harmonious, in
a manner which allows the dog to cover ground and accomplish its
work with a minimum of effort and fatigue. The Briard should
have a long trot with good reach and good thrust from behind.
HAIR : Goat-like texture, dry, supple, long, with
COLOUR : Black, fawn, fawn with black overlay (slight
to medium) often with mask, grey or blue. A coat of warm fawn
colour may show a lighter colour on the points and on the
inclined parts of the body (fawn marked with sandy colour).
Black, grey and blue coats can likewise display zones of a
lighter shade. All colours may show different degrees of greying.
Males: 62 – 68 cm at
Females: 56 – 64 cm
at the withers.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing
points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with
which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion
to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the
• Severe faults in
• Overall coat colour
• Coat: insufficient
length (less than 7cm), hair soft or woolly.
• Aggressive or
• Stop absolutely not
• Nose of colour
other than black or blue; presence of pink (unpigmented areas).
• Overshot or
undershot with loss of contact of incisors; absence of 2 lower
PM4 or absence of 3 teeth or more whichever they are (except for
• Eye too light (yellow),
• Ears curling
inwards, set on too low beneath eye level, covered with short
hair, naturally erect.
• Tail curled up or
• Single dewclaw or
total absence of dewclaws on hindlegs.
• White, brown or
mahogany colour; coat of two distinct colours; white blaze,
white hairs on the extremities of the limbs, fawn coat with
• Size outside the
limits of the standard with tolerance of +2cm or -1cm.
modification of the dog or evidence of such practice by use of
substances or surgery.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
23.1.2009, translation : Jennifer Mulholland